Between the bones of the knees are two crescent-shaped discs of connective tissue, called menisci, which also act as shock absorbers to cushion the lower part of the leg from the weight of the rest of the body. Meniscus tears can happen when twisting while bearing weight.
Ligament Injuries to the Knee
The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is one of the most common ligaments to be injured. Learn about the four major ligaments of the knee.
For most orthopedic disorders and injuries, more than one form of treatment may be appropriate.
Orthopedic surgeons use arthroscopy to diagnose and treat joint problems. An arthroscope is a small, tube shaped instrument that is used to look inside a joint.
Joint Replacement Surgery
Joint replacement is a surgical procedure to remove and replace an arthritic or damaged joint with an artificial joint, called a prosthesis.
Knee Replacement Surgery
When a knee is severely damaged by disease or injury, an artificial knee replacement may be considered.
A Baker’s cyst (popliteal cyst) is a fluid-filled sac that forms behind the knee.
Iliotibial Band Syndrome
Iliotibial band syndrome (often called “IT band syndrome”) is a medical condition that causes pain on the outside of the knee. It mostly commonly happens in athletes, especially distance runners, or those new to exercise.
Knee pain is very common, especially in highly active people who put a lot of pressure on their knees, like runners. It affects women more often than men. It also affects teens and younger adults more often than older adults.
A bone bruise is a traumatic injury to a bone that is less severe than a bone fracture.